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The Long Road Home 2 - Only 5,000 Kilometres to go!

 Old Telegraph Station at Eucla

West to East across Australia

After a great reunion with my daughter and her family in Perth, I headed across the Nullabor again. Won’t bore you too much with the details – just look at last year’s post “Across the Paddock.”  I didn’t stop to see the whales this time, but basically not much has changed there in several thousand years.

See how the wombat is drawn larger than the camel. That's why I was expecting to meet Muttaburrasauraui - the giant mammals that used to inhabit the place.
I am surprised that only 90 miles got a mention. It was more like 2000!
Because it was daylight this time when I came through, I did see this road’s only hill which I missed last time and also called in at Eucla where the old telegraph station still stands though it is slowly being covered by drifting sands. 
No one appreciates now what a tremendous achievement that was in 1872 when it connected Australia with the rest of the world or how difficult it must have been without roads, air con and regular deliveries of food. Eyre camped here too in about 1840 -41, when he travelled through to Albany in the West, the first white person to do so and the highway bears his name.  Saw my first snake here in years – going fortunately, not coming, as I only had my sandals on.
View from the only hill on the Nullabor at Madura
I also took a slightly different route after Port Augusta, travelling via Broken Hill which although longer, was much faster because there was almost no traffic and it was dead straight and flat. My car likes that.  I tell a lie, there’s one hill here too – a row of them actually -the Flinders Ranges which had always been stark and terrible whenever we came through while working at Mt. Gunson. Now they were softly fuzzed with green and  little drifts of purple –Patterson’s Curse – a noxious weed, but  a very pretty sight.
 Even the Flinders Ranges were green and flushed with patches of purple
Going down the other side the grass was tall, the dams were full and the farmers were smiling for the first time in years.  After Peterborough it was back to saltbush flats and places named after tanks or with names like  Walkhungry Road and Dismal Creek, so it gives you an idea what it’s like the rest of the time. It’s grazing land – about 1 cow per several thousand acres, though what they would find to eat, beats me, especially after eight years of drought. It had obviously rained recently and now it looked quite pretty with all kinds of  prickly things in different colours making it look like a coral garden or rockery. 
You do pick up interesting snippets of information here and there. Until I came this way, I had no idea that Orroroo was the home of the stump -jump plough which revolutionised farming in the outback in 1876, because you no longer had to spend weeks grubbing out tree roots.  This meant a farmer could plough 3 hectares a day. Today's machines do that area in 15 minutes
 The Big Tree near Orroro - this river gum is over 500 years old and about 10.8 m around.
It's also about the last tree you see for the next 365 km
Typical landscape heading north. It does rain sometimes but being so flat it means that it thenalmost immediately floods.This is a flood marker

Battle Scarred Survivor

Broken Hill, the Silver City, was Australia’s richest mining area for almost a hundred years and the Company that owned it, BHP, was the biggest in Australia. It’s been a bit down on it’s luck in recent years, but the signs of past glory are there – grand buildings, lots of pubs – 60 in 1906, long main street with wide verandahs, as was the pattern throughout outback Australia. There are lots of stories here too, about the 400 women who took to strike breakers with mops and brooms and how the miners slowly won better conditions through the creation of unions.  The cemetery, which is absolutely enormous, tells the story of how it was in the early days and is typical of mining towns everywhere  -early death through accident and lung disease, women dying in childbirth, young children dying of epidemics that swept through. Every gravestone tells a story.
 I would say that there are more dead people in Broken Hill than live ones
The Sisters of Mercy were well represented
Percival John Brookfield's Gravemarker was erected by public subscription to honour this martyr who worked hard to improve conditions for miners and was shot by a deranged gunman for his trouble

Late afternoon in the Silver City
 I stopped for a meal here at one of the clubs – a New South Wales institution. The meals are enormous and cheap because they are subsidised by income from the poker machines. Then it was on through the Mallee.
A harsh beauty - even the Mallee looked greenish

Just Add Water

The last time I had driven through the Mallee in about the late 70’s it was dry and there was a mouse plague on and I had nightmares for weeks about their soft little bodies going squelch, squelch, squelch under the wheels. When I stopped at night, I dreamed that mice were winding down the car windows to devour me in my sleep.
This time the Mallee looked a picture. It had obviously rained here too. The fields were ablaze with purple and rabbits were bounding everywhere. While these may look like good signs, they are not. The purple is not lavender. It's Salvation Jane, sometimes called Patterson’s Curse or the Riverina Bluebell, which was introduced by early settlers to feed cattle in times of drought. Unfortunately, it can also be poisonous to grazing animals at certain times, and like many other introduced species it has become so successful that it is now a pest. 
Much the same is true of the rabbits. The rabbits too were introduced and having no natural enemies here, they multiplied rapidly and soon reached plague proportions, destroying huge areas of farmland. Enormous efforts were made to control them - see for example, the various rabbit proof fences which were erected to stop them reaching Western Australia, but it was not until myxomotosis - a viral disease which usually kills European rabbits, was introduced in the 1950s, that they began to decline, though they have since become more resistant.
Other introduced species have followed a similar trajectory - see for example Prickly Pear, the Cane Toad, many other plants which  call invasive weeds and even worse, the accidental or deliberate introduction of pests and diseases such as the Fox on the mainland, Fire Ants, Variola Mite, Pacific Oysters or Starfish, many of which can have a huge impact on our our agriculture. Many would include cats and dogs on that list because they are responsible for a huge toll on our wildlife. This is why Australia's quarantine laws are so strict.
This is not Lavender
 Double click on this picture and you will see little brown rabbits bounding everywhere. Very cute but...
Lonely graves are not uncommon in the Aussie Bush - not sure whose they are
 The miracle of irrigation
After crossing the Darling I was in the the Riverina which used to be the fruit bowl of Australia and still grows its share of oranges, avocadoes and grapes, but what grows here is mostly a technological miracle made possible by irrigation. Though it has worked well for past generations, it raises the water table and causes salt to rise to the surface making the land infertile. It also degrades the water quality – in dry years there are toxic algal blooms -and deprives other species of the river's natural flow (for example, many of the big ancient river red gums are dying and occasionally there’s a fish kill). For this reason, water permits are issued now which are supposed to cap water use at ecologically sustainable levels. This means winners and losers, with yet more farmers leaving the land and more country towns losing business.  I do have a good news story about this coming up shortly so don’t get too depressed.
Meanwhile it had rained here too – saw another snake on the road [that's 200% more than I have seen in 20 years], and everything was looking great – naturally.  I was very pleased to able to buy fruit again as I hadn’t had any since Ceduna. Having been caught last time at each state border and having to give up bags of oranges not once, but twice, I had stewed up all my apples and eaten everything else and was determined not to buy any again until I was safely in New South Wales.
This highway was narrow, all double lines, winding and very busy with trucks that made my little van shudder all over as they roared past,  so I stopped at this little billabong and then turned inland and headed for Canberra via Griffiths.

This little billabong was teeming with frogs and crickets. Snakes just love frogs
I was soon joined by this man whom I suspect of being an undercover recruiting agent for the caravan and campers club
 His bus had everything - full size stove, washing machine, toilet, shower, television, two fridges and diesel generators to keep it all going. I was green with envy until I found out that he only gets 4 km to the litre. And I thought my van was bad!
It was full moon that night and the crickets and frogs went absolutely crazy. Here's what it sounded like.